The 7 problems for the NZYPT competition in 2017 are :
1. Invent Yourself
Construct a passive device that will provide safe landing for an uncooked hen’s egg when dropped onto a hard surface from a fixed height of 2.5 m. The device must fall together with the egg. What is the smallest size of the device you can achieve?
2. Balloon Airhorn
A simple airhorn can be constructed by stretching a balloon over the opening of a small container or cup with a tube through the other end (see Figure). Blowing through a small hole in the side of the container can produce a sound. Investigate how relevant parameters affect the sound.
3. Single Lens Telescope
A telescope can be built using a single lens, provided that a small aperture is used instead of an eyepiece. How do the parameters of the lens and the hole influence the image (e.g. magnification, sharpness and brightness)?
4. Fast Chain
A chain consisting of wooden blocks inclined relative to the vertical and connected by two threads (see Figure) is suspended vertically and then released. Compared to free fall, the chain falls faster when it is dropped onto a horizontal surface. Explain this phenomenon and investigate how the relevant parameters affect the motion.
5. Resonating Glass
A wine glass partially filled with liquid will resonate when exposed to the sound from a loudspeaker. Investigate how the phenomenon depends on various parameters.
6. Gee -Haw Whammy Diddle
A gee-haw whammy diddle is a mechanical toy consisting of a simple wooden stick and a second stick that is made up of a series of notches with a propeller at its end. When the wooden stick is pulled over the notches, the propeller starts to rotate. Explain this phenomenon and investigate the relevant parameters.
7. Vacuum Bazooka
A ‘vacuum bazooka’ can be built with a simple plastic pipe, a light projectile, and a vacuum cleaner. Build such a device and maximise the muzzle velocity.
Photo from our left to right are
Sang Wook Kim – Auckland Grammar School
Carlos Aguilera Cortes – Auckland Grammar School
Byung Hoon Cho – Auckland Grammar School
Jack Tregidga – Wellington High School
Catherine Pot – Onslow College
Report from the International Young Physicists’ Tournament (IYPT 2016) held in Yekaterinburg (Russia) from the 26th June to 5th July 2016.
IYPT (The World Cup of Physics) 2016 – saw students from 29 countries around the world gather to debate their solutions to the 17 open ended problems set for the tournament. The students had carried out both theoretical and practical research to explain the phenomena. The New Zealand students had all participated in the NZYPT regional tournaments (Auckland or Wellington or Christchurch) and the national NZYPT tournament (Auckland) before gaining selection to the initial NZ squad and the final international New Zealand team. They qualified through competition between the other members of the squad and attended two training camps held in Auckland in the weeks before the tournament in Russia.
The final New Zealand team was composed of the following five students :
Byung Hoon Cho (Captain) Auckland Grammar School
Carlos Aguilera Cortes Auckland Grammar School
Sang Wook Kim Auckland Grammar School
Catherine Pot Onslow College
Jack Tregidga Wellington High School
The student team was accompanied by Gavin Jennings (Auckland Grammar School), Kent Hogan (Onslow College) and Sue Napier (Riccarton High School) who were all team mentors, trainers and acted as international judges throughout the New Zealand and international tournaments.
The IYPT has five rounds of competition between teams drawn by ballot. The students compete against other countries in structured debates called Physics Fights. Each fight has three components. A reporter giving his/her solution to the problem. An opponent to check and clarify the physics as well as point out the strengths and weaknesses of the report. A reviewer to prioritise the report and opposition and point out any errors they observe.
The performance of each component is marked by international judges and scaled (x3 for the report, x2 for the opposition and x1 for the review) to obtain a total score for each team.
The first round fight saw the NZ team drawn against the toughest of opposition – Singapore – who were the tournament champions last year.
The scores for NZ’s first fight were : Singapore 43.6 (winner) vs NZ 38.0 vs Austria 33.3
This placed the NZ team in 6th place with 38.0 points at the end of round 1.
Fight 1 details:
Report : Sang Wook Kim reported his solution to Ultrahydrophobic water scoring 18.0 points
Oppose : Carlos Aguilera Cortes opposed Austria’s solution to Rolling on a disc and scored 12.75 points
Review : Sang Wook Kim reviewed Singapore’s solution to Hot water fountain scoring 7.25 points
The 2nd round scores for NZ’s fight were NZ 37.9 (winner) vs UK 35.1 vs Iran 28.8 vs Canada 23.7
This placed the NZ team in 7th place overall with 75.9 points at the end of round 2.
Fight 2 details:
Report : Byung Hoon Cho presented his solution to Paper vice and scored 18.0 points
Oppose : Jack Tregidga scored 13.0 points in opposition to Canada’s solution to Super ball.
Review : Catherine Pot scored 6.9 points reviewing the UK’s solution to Water waves.
The 3rd round scores for NZ’s fight were NZ 37.7 (winner) vs Australia 30.7 vs USA 23.4
The NZ team were placed 6th with 113.6 points at the end of round 3.
Fight 3 details:
Report : Byung Hoon Cho scored 18.3 points with is solution to Invent yourself – a Random number generator
Oppose : Carlos Aguilera Cortes scored 12.6 points vs Australia’s solution to Magnetic train
Review : Jack Tregidga scored points 6.80 vs the USA’s solution to Sensitive flame.
The 4th round scores for NZ’s fight were Korea 39.1 (winner) vs Ukraine 37.3 vs New Zealand 32.7
The NZ team were placed 7th overall with 146.3 points at the end of round 4.
Fight 4 details:
Report : Carlos Aguilera Cortes presented his solution to Frisbee vortices and scored 12.9 points
Oppose : Jack Tregidga opposed Korea’s solution to Contactless calliper and scored 12.6 points
Review : Carlos Aguilera Cortes scored 7.2 points vs Ukraine’s Rolling on a disc.
The final round was going to be a hard one to win since the Swiss team were in 3rd place and heading for the world finals of the event
The 5th and final round saw the team gain their highest score of the tournament to finish up in 7th place out of the 29 countries on 184.4 points. This makes them silver medals winners !
The 5th round scores were : New Zealand 38.1 (winner) vs Switzerland 37.4 vs Georgia 25.2
Fight 5 details:
Report Catherine Pot presented her solution to the Van der Pauw Method scoring 18.3 points
Oppose Jack Tregidga opposed Switzerland’s Light Rings solution and scored 12.6 points
Review Sang Wook Kim reviewed Georgia’s solution to Ultrahydrophobic Water scoring 7.2 points.
The placing for the top 10 teams at the end of the tournament were:
1. Singapore 2. Germany 3. Switzerland 4. Chinese Taipei 5. Korea
6. Slovakia 7. New Zealand 8. China 9. Hungary 10. Ukraine
This is another great result for the New Zealand team in the 29 country international tournament.
UK 11th and Australia 17th were other notable results
The success of the team would not have been possible without the efforts of Kent Hogan, Sue Napier, Kerry Parker (Wellington High School) and Gavin Jennings in mentoring and supporting the practical work of the students over the last six months.
Report by Gavin Jennings
Chairman of NZYPT.
Congratulations to all teams who competed in the 2016 NZYPT competition the top 3 teams in each region were:
1st = Auckland Grammar School 1
2nd = Auckland Grammar School 2
3rd = ACG Parnell College 2
1st = Onslow
2nd = Wellington High School 1
3rd = Wellington High School 2
1st = Burnside B
2nd = Riccarton B
3rd = Christchurch Girls
The NZ finals take place on Saturday 19th of March at ACG Parnell College with the top two teams in each region competing.
Entries are now open for the 2016 New Zealand Young Physicists’ Tournament.
Saturday 5th March 2016: Regional tournaments (Auckland/Wellington/Christchurch)
Saturday 19th March 2016: National final (Auckland)
Sat/Sun 2nd/3rd April 2016: NZ squad selection (venue to be announced )
Congratulations to the NZ IYPT members Shakked Noy (WHS A team captain, National Silver medallist 2015), Callum Davidson (JYPT silver medallist 2014), Jack Tregidga (NZ team captain 2015) and Catherine Pot (NZ team 2015) at the prizegiving of the Wellington Science Fair 2016. Shakked was highly commended, and won VUW School of Chemical and Physical Sciences prize. Callum won prizes from OPUS International Consultants and IPENZ; Jack won VUW Faculty of Science Prize Innovation Prize, First in category 5-$200 (the category for Years 11-13) and the University of Otago prize; Catherine won VUW School of Chemical and Physical Sciences prize and 4th in category 5 – $50.
Tess Breitenmoser (NZ team 2015) was unable to attend prizegiving. She was 3rd in her class ($100 prize) and also won a special prize from Kainic Medical Communications ($100 for the best PowerPoint (© Microsoft) presentation from Class 4 or Class 5. $150 will also be awarded to the winner’s school to help fund the purchase of science equipment.)
The University of Otago offer an all expenses paid trip to the 2016 Hands-on at Otago summer school for the entry displaying the best application of the scientific method. The winner will also receive a Canon compact camera.
Victoria University of Wellington School of Chemical and Physical Sciences offer a prize of $100 to the best exhibit that explains a principle in either physics or chemistry and demonstrates an application of this principle through a particular technology.
Opus International Consultants Ltd offers Junior Prizes totalling $100 in book vouchers, and Senior Prizes totalling $250 in book vouchers, to those projects which best illustrate the use of science and engineering to improve the lives of people. Where possible the prizes may include a visit to an active Opus engineering project.
Victoria University Science and Technology Fair Innovation Prize: $4,000 towards fees in the first year of a VUW undergraduate science or engineering degree.
The Wellington Branch of the Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand offers two prizes of $500 each, awarded for presentations of an innovative illustration of an engineering principle.
Congratulations to the members of the 2015 New Zealand IYPT team: Jack Tregidga (Wellington High School), Tess Breitenmoser (Wellington High School), Matthew Randle (Onslow College), Catherine Pot (Onslow College) and Nicholas Lam (Riccarton High School) who gained 10th in the world competition in Thailand, receiving a bronze medal.
The team can certainly be proud of their accomplishments and once again the international teams know Physics is alive and well in New Zealand.
A Special thanks to Gavin Jennings, Kent Hogan, Kerry Parker and Sue Napier for their help with mentoring and preparing the team.
In addition all of the technical help and financial sponsorship that we could not do without if we are to properly prepare the team to take on the world.
Congratulations to all of the participants in the 2015 Regional Competition. The results from each region are below:
Auckland Regional Results:
1st Kings College 113.8
2nd ACG Parnell College-1 104.8
3rd Auckland Grammar-2 98.9
4th ACG Parnell College-2 98.5
5th Auckland Grammar-1 98.0
6th Lynfield-2 93.8
7th Westlake Boys-2 91.6
8th Westlake Boys-1 91.1
9th St Cuthberts-1 87.3
10th St Peter’s Camnridge 83.0
11th Baradene 82.5
12th St Cuthberts-2 82.1
13th St Peter’s Auckland 77.1
14th Lynfield-1 76.8
15th Takapuna Grammar 76.4
16th Macleans 75.5
17th Waiuku-2 74.5
18th Auckland International College-2 73.4
19th Waiuku-1 66.6
Wellington Regional Results:
1st Wellington High School A 111.5
2nd Onslow College 107.3
3rd Wellington High School B 85.7
4th Rongotai College 81.6
5th Scots College 77.6
6th Wellington Girls’ College 74.5
7th Nelson Girls’ 72.3
8th Kapiti College 57.1
Christchurch Regional Results:
1st Riccarton High School 111.6
2nd Christchurch Girls HS 105.9
3rd Christ’s College 98.9
4th Rangi Ruru Girls School 95.2
5th Greymouth High School 90.3
6th Buller High School 81.0
7th Burnside High School 74.3
With only just over a week to go we are confirming the arrangements for the New Zealand Young Physicists Tournament
Date : Saturday March 7th 2015.
Time: All teams must be on site by 8:30am. The day will finish at approximately 5:45pm
Venue : The University of Auckland – Department of Physics, Building 303 on Princes Street.
More details can be found in the linked document: Teams and Juror Information